This is a fantastic, rare stereoscopic photograph (an image printed twice and slightly offset, so, when viewed through a stereopticon with special lenses, “tricks” the eye into seeing the two images as one in a 3-D effect) of the bridge that was built across the Los Angeles River on the old Aliso Road, later Macy Street, now César Chavez Avenue, connecting downtown Los Angeles with what would later become the subdivision of Boyle Heights.
Covered wooden bridges are usually associated with the Midwest and East Coast (remember “Bridges of Madison County”?), though there were a few up in central and northern California, but it is a bit strange to see an example in Los Angeles. Constructed by the firm of Perry and Woodworth in 1870 using public funds, the bridge was the first substantial one to cross the river. Its grand opening attracted a great deal of local and regional attention as the event was hailed as a watershed (sorry, couldn’t resist) for the emerging city.
Without this lengthy span, it would not have been possible to have had the subsequent eastward expansion of the town, which was then embarking on it first significant growth spurt, which began shortly after the conclusion of the Civil War.
In 1873, local power brokers created the subdivision of East Los Angeles, later renamed Lincoln Heights, and this was followed in 1875 by the trio of William H. Workman, Isaias W. Hellman and John Lazzarovich’s development of Boyle Heights.
For most of its almost thirty-five years life span (oops, there we go again), the bridge served its purposes handsomely, even when floods washed away subsequent bridges built across the river. In 1884 and 1887, for example, major flooding destroyed newer bridges, including a relative new iron one constructed just a few years before on the new Aliso Street, as the old Aliso Road was rerouted as Macy Street.
An article in the Los Angeles Times from 16 February 1887 talked about the covered bridge:
A visit was next made to the honest old structure, which spans the river at its narrowest point (at Macy street) – the only bridge of any sort, railroad or carriage in the city limits which never goes back on its patrons. A rumor was prevalent that it had sagged badly and was dangerous. The TIMES man crossed it twice and found it straight as the geometric shortest line between two points. Such an idea as sagging had never entered its faithful old head. It was very much used yesterday by all sorts of vehicles, as it afforded the only way of getting to the east side with horses.
By the mid-1890s, however, it was already seen as outdated, deteriorating and in need of replacement. The economy was in a downturn for much of the decade, so it was not until 1904 that the span was dismantled. In 1926, a concrete bridge was built and still serves its purposes, boosted by a mid-1990s seismic upgrade.
Regarding the lumber firm that built the covered bridge, one of the principals, William H. Perry, went on to take advantage of the span’s convenience in linking downtown with the east side to build a home in 1876, designed by noted early Los Angeles architect Ezra F. Kysor, in what became the Mt. Pleasant tract. The house was later moved to the Heritage Square Museum complex, where it is a centerpiece of that facility.
Photographer Henry (Harry) T. Payne was born in Plymouth, Illinois in 1844 and practiced his craft in Santa Barbara before moving to Los Angeles to join his parents and brother. Payne took over the photography business of William M. Godfrey and reissued some of Godfrey’s important early photos (consequently, a trained eye can tell which photos issued under Payne’s name were actually taken by Godfrey), as well as publishing his own views. By the 1880s, Payne, along with his brother, Daniel, and Thomas E. Stanton, created Payne, Stanton and Company, but he soon sold out. By the century’s end, Payne was living in San Francisco and working as a journalist. Payne lived a long life, spending his last years in Glendale and died there in the 1930s, well into his eighties.
The Macy Street/Old Aliso Road covered bridge was the only of its kind in the region and photographs of it are extremely rare, so this piece of history linking downtown Los Angeles with the area that became Boyle Heights is both interesting and unusual.
Contribution by Paul R. Spitzzeri, Assistant Director, Workman and Temple Family Homestead Museum, City of Industry, California.